SCIENTISTS JUST DISCOVERED A NEW KIND OF MATTER: TIME CRYSTALS
Researchers are reporting that they have created an incredibly unusual new structure known as ‘time crystals.’
These crystals have a remarkable atomic structure which repeats not only in space but also in time. This means that they are in constant oscillation without requiring energy input.
RESEARCHERS CREATE TIME CRYSTALS – AN ENTIRELY NEW FORM OF MATTER
The research, which initially was put forward by researchers from the University of California, has been peer-reviewed by independent research teams who found that their results were fully replicable. This study means that scientists can now officially confirm the existence of a completely new phase of matter.
Time crystals were first theorized about by the Nobel Laureate Frank Wilczek in 2012. The renowned theoretical physicist said that these structures would appear to be capable of movement even at their lowest energy state, which is referred to as a ground state. Ordinarily, when a material is in a ground state, also known as the zero point energy, the movement is completely impossible. However, Wilczek suggested that time crystals could be an exception to this rule because of their atomic structuring.
While most crystals, such as diamonds and rubies, have structures which repeat in space, the structure of time crystals would also repeat in time which would allow them to continue oscillating in the ground state.
“This is a new phase of matter, period, but it is also really cool because it is one of the first examples of non-equilibrium matter, “said Norman Yao who was the lead researcher on the groundbreaking project.
“For the last half-century, we have been exploring equilibrium matter, like metals and insulators.
We are just now starting to explore a whole new landscape of non-equilibrium matter.” For Yao and his team, their discovery could be enormously significant for some reasons. Not only could it lead to a significant leap forward in humanity’s comprehension of the structure of the universe but it could also lead to huge progression in new technological fields, such as quantum computing.